Smoky Mountains Visitors Guide

 

The Smoky Mointains Vistors Guide

 

Wildlife
-Birds-

 

 Following is a list Smoky Mountains Feathered Friends.

 
Falcons
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Merlin (Falco columbarius)
Peregrine Falcon (Falco pereginus)
 
Geese and Ducks
  American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)
American Widgeon (Anas americana)
Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
  Brant (Branta bernicla)
Bufflehead (Bucepheala clangula)
Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)
Green-winged Teal (Anus crecca)
Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)
Mallard (Anas discors)
Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)
  Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)
Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)
Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)
 
Grouse, Turkey and Quail
  Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)
  Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
 
Hawks and Eagles
  American Swallow-tailed Kite
(Elandoides forficatus)
Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
  Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
Coopers Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
  Northern Goshawk (Accipter striatus)
Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
Red Tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
Red Shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter stratus)
 
Herons, Bitterns, and Egrets
American Bittern (Botaurus lentignosus)
Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
Great Egret (Casmerodius albus)
  Green Heron (Butorides virescens)
  Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)
 
Loons and Grebes
Common Loon (Glavia immer)

 range in length from 2 to 3 ft (60–90 cm). They have small pointed wings, webs between the front three toes, legs placed far back on the body, making walking awkward, and thick plumage that is mainly black or gray above and white below. They feed mainly on fishes, crustaceans, and insects. Almost wholly aquatic, they can swim long distances underwater and can dive to a depth of 200 ft (60 m). They are generally found singly or in pairs, but some species winter or migrate in flocks. They are known for their eerie, “laughing” cries.

Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

 found in most tropical and temperate areas and often in subarctic regions.

Most species can fly, and some are migratory. Grebes have a pointed bill, short narrow wings, and a vestigial tail. The position of their legs, set at the rear of the body, makes walking awkward. They feed chiefly on fish or invertebrates. Courting or rival males perform elaborate aquatic dances in pairs. Species range from about 8 to 29 in. (21–73 cm) long.

Pied Billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)
 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers
  Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)
  Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)
  Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottus)
 
Pipits, Waxwings, and Shrikes
  American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)
Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)
 
Rails and Coots
American Coot (Fulica americana)
  Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
King Rail (Rallus elegans)
  Sora (Porzana carolina)
  Virginian Rail (Rallus limicola)
 
Storm-Petrels, Pelicans and Comorants
American White Pelican (Pelecanus erthrorhynchos)
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel (Oceandodrama castro)
Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)
 
Vultures
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
  Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
 
Cranes and Plovers
Killdeer  (Charadrius vociferus)
  Lesser Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica)
Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis)
 
Sandpipers and Phalaropes
  American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)
Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
  Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)
Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)
  Red Phalarope (Phalaropus fulicaria)
  Ruff (Philomachus pugnax)
  Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)
  Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)
Spotted  Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
 
Gulls and Terns
  Bonaparte's Gull (Larus philadelphia)
  Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)
  Laughing Gull (Larus articilla)
  Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)
  Snooty Tern (Sterna fuscata)
 
Cuckoos and Doves
  Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)
Morning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
  Rock Dove (Columbia livia)
  Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
 
Owls
Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
Barred Owl (Strix varia)
  Eastern Screech-Owl (Otus asio)
Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)
Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus)
 
Nighthawks and Swifts
  Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)
  Chuck-will's widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis)
Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)
  Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus)
 
Hummingbirds
  Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
 
Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon)
 
Woodpeckers
Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)
Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocpus pileatus)
  Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephus)
  Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
  Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)
 
Flycatchers
  Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)
  Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)
  Eastern Wood Pewee (Contopus virens)
  Great Crested Flycatcher (Myriarchus crinitus)
  Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)
Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax trailii)
  Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidona falviventris)
 
Larks
  Horned Lark (Eremophilia alpestris)
 
Swallows
  Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)
  Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
  Cliff Swallow (Hirundo pyrrhonota)
  Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)
  Purple Martin (Progne subis)
Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
 
Crows, Ravens, and Jays
American Crow (Corvus brachyrhunchos)
  Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
Common Raven (Corvus corax)
 
Chickadees and Nuthatches
Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)
Brown Creeper (Certhia americana)
Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta Canadensis)
  Tufted Titmouse (Baeolopus bicolor)
  White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)
 
Wrens
Bewick's Wren (Thryomanes bewicki)
  Carolina Wren (Thryomanes ludovicianus)
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
  Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris)
  Sedge Wren (Cistothorus paltensia)
  Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)
 
Gnatcathers and Kinglets
  Blue-grey Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)
  Golden-crowned Kinglet (regulas satrapa)
  Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulas calendula)
 
Thrushes
American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
  Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)
  Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)
Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)
  Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustilatus)
  Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)
Veery (Catharus fusecescens)
 
Starlings
  European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
 
Vireos
  Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)
  Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphia)
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
  Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)
  White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)
  Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons)
 
Warblers
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
  Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea)
  Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
  Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca)
  Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroicas straita)
  Black-throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens)
  Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens)
  Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus)
  Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis)
  Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina)
  Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulea)
  Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica)
  Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)
  Golden-winged Warbler (Vermiora chrysoptera)
  Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina)
  Kentucky Warbler (Oporonis formosus)
  Lousiiana Waterthrush (Seirus motacilla)
  Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia)
Nashville Warbler (Vermivora ruficapilla)
  Northen Paruola (Parula americana)
  Northern Waterthrush (Seirus noveboracensis)
Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata)
  Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillas)
  Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum)
  Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus)
  Prairie Warbler (Dendroica discolor)
  Prothonotary  Warbler (Prothonotaria citrea)
Swainson's Warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii)
  Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina)
Wilson's Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla)
  Worm-eating Warbler (Dendroica vermivorus)
Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens)
Yellow-rumped Warbler (Dendroica coronata)
  Yellow-throated Warbler (Dendroica dominica)
  Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)
 
Tanagers
  Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)
  Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
 
Cardinals
  Blue Grosbeak (Guiraca caerula)
  Dickcissel (Spiza americana)
  Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)
  Northen Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
  Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
 
Sparrows
  Backman's Sparrow (Aimophilia aestivalis)
  Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)
  Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)
  Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
  Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)
Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca)
  Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)
  Henslow's Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
  Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)
  Le Conte's Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii)
  Lincoln's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)
Snow Bunting (Plectrophenas nivalis)
  Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
  Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)
  Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)
White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)
  White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)
 
Blackbirds
  Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
  Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
  Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magno)
  Northern Oriole (Icterus galbula)
  Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
  Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)
 
Finches and Crossbills
American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)
  Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea)
Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes verpertinus)
House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)
Pine Siskin (Carduelis pinus)
Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureas)
Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)
White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)

 

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